On January 2, 2013, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) agreed to approve the application for Canadian permanent residence under the Federal Skilled Trades Program. The programme is notable for being quota-based, limited to 3000 applicants annually, and having sub-quotas in many of the 43 targeted occupations.
The following four standards must be met in order for an applicant to be considered eligible, whether they pass or fail:
Candidates wishing to settle in the Province of Quebec, which has its own jurisdiction to choose applicants, are excluded from the Federal Skilled Trades Class.
In Canada, trade certification falls under provincial law, and each province designates a list of regulated professions as well as any necessary established regulating agencies. Obtaining a provincial certification from outside of Canada is challenging. Therefore, this programme will be helpful to tradesmen who receive a job offer that has been accepted by a reputable business or who are already employed in Canada as temporary foreign workers. Since not every province regulates every trade, where a trade is not regulated, an offer of employment is required.
A tradesperson will also be qualified to apply if a Canadian employer extends an acceptable offer of employment in their trade for a period of one year or longer. The job offer will be examined to determine whether it falls within an eligible trade and whether hiring the candidate will have no adverse effects on the Canadian labor market.
The applicants are required to show evidence of their competency in speaking, reading, listening, and writing across all four language skills in either English or French. Only test results from organizations approved by CIC will be taken into account when determining proficiency.
The two language exams that are most frequently used are:
CIC accepts a maximum of 3000 applications in the Federal Skilled Trades Class in each calendar year. Eligible trades are separated into two categories:
Applications in the following trades will be accepted up to a maximum of 100 or until the total Class cap of 3000 applications is reached:
Applications in the following trades will be accepted until the total Class cap of 3000 is reached, with no sub-cap applying: